Cutting Edge: The 15 Hottest Programming Languages Right Now

11 July 2018

1662 Original

​Programming languages are the building blocks upon which our digital infrastructure is built. Whether you’re a developer or simply work in a tech-related industry, it’s vital to understand which languages are big now, or are set for rapid growth. 

For the savvy developer or wannabe developer, expanding your programming skills is a sure-fire investment in your future. But since there’s so many languages around, it can be hard to figure out which is worth spending the time on. You’ll probably want to consider format, application, legacy, ease of use and ease of learning – amongst other things.

Below is a list of languages you might want to consider. We’ve split them into tiers:    

 Tier 1 | The mainstream languages. If you want a career as a 
developer, you’ll need to  learn at least one of these.

01 Java

One of the most well-established programming languages, Java is used by 9 million developers worldwide. Java’s compatibility ensures its dominance –able to run on any hardware and operating system through the Java Virtual Machine. Java forms the basis of all Android apps and is used by 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies as a server-side language for backend development.

02 Python

Python is a general-purpose language, used for web development and as a support language for developers. It’s application in machine learning and data mining is driving the growing popularity of Python, making it a worthwhile investment.

03 JavaScript

JavaScript shows no sign of slowing down; used by over 80% of developers and 95% of all websites for any dynamic logic on their pages. Front-end frameworks for JavaScript including React and AngularJS are applicable for IoT and mobile, ensuring JavaScript remains ultra-relevant today.

04 C++

C++ is a general-purpose scripting language, an extension of the ‘C’ programming language, with objective-orientated, imperative and generic programming features. Although more complex to learn than Python or JavaScript, C++ is still widely used for system/application software, game development, driver, client-server applications and embedded firmware.

05 C#

Developed by Microsoft to run on their .NET platform, C# is a simple, general-purpose object orientated language that aims to make development simpler and faster than previous Microsoft languages. C# is widely used in video games development, so it’s a smart choice for aspiring games developers.

06 PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language used largely for web applications, typically to enhance functions too complex for HTML, or to link with MySQL databases. PHP is growing in popularity (today more than 80% of websites use PHP) due to its relevance and ease of use.

07 Ruby

Ruby is a reflective, dynamic general-purpose programming and scripting language, which supports multiple paradigms including functional, object orientated and imperative. Ruby has gained popularity due to its accessible and usable web framework, Rails.

08 Perl

Perl is an open-source, scripting language similar in syntax to C/ C++/C#, but in general easier to learn than the more structured ‘C’ languages. Although there’s some evidence of a decline in the user basis, Perl continues to be popular for system and network administrators as a glue language.